Graphic Organizers: Graphic organizers
are visual thinking tools that demonstrate relationships between facts,
concepts, or ideas, and guide your thinking as you design the map or diagram.
Graphic organizers can help to visualize and construct ideas, organize and/or
sequence information, plan what to write, increase reading comprehension,
brainstorm, organize problems and solutions, compare and contrast ideas, show
cause and effect, and more. The ability to color-code thoughts in a picture
can help significantly in understanding and remembering the information. Dr.
Parrott uses graphic organizers in notes, assignments and they are required
on all crib sheets in preparation for every test/exam.
organizers aid students in developing critical thinking and other higher
order thinking skills. (Brookbank, et.al., 1999; DeWispelaere & Kossack,
organizers are a helpful tool for improving retention and recall of
information for students at all age and skill levels.
& Anders, 1992; Ritchie & Volkl, 2000)
organizers may help students develop stronger problem-solving and general
mathematical skills and knowledge.
& Decker, 1994; Monroe & Orme, 2002)
organizers may help second language learners improve higher order thinking
& Kossack, 1996)
organizers seem to be quite beneficial for use with learning disabled
students, as they help students comprehend content area material, organize
information, and retain and recall content.
& Weishaar, 1997; Gardill & Jitendra, 1999; Kim et al., 2004)